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How Agile Development Methodology Helps in Project Management?

The innovational dynamics of software development and information technology are evolving at the pace of seconds. The ever-growing advancement of technology has contributed to the challenges for software developers. They have to be electrifying to the familiarity of the latest innovative trends as per the demands of the users.

The development of software that includes all kinds of gadgets that serve the purpose of minimizing the user’s effort by providing the soft services virtually. These may include web applications, websites, mobile applications, iPad and tablet-friendly apps, etc. With time, there is a subtle change in the demands of the users owing to changing dynamics of the world since the COVID-19 has impacted the business sector.

Agile Methodology:

The term agile refers to the potential to acknowledge and develop the change requirements in software features either from the client or the project stakeholders in a compatible speedy way.

Agile methodology is the cluster of activities that contributes to the proficiency and enhancement of the software team of professionals and the organization as well. It is a kind of software project management for development processes effectively.

Why use Agile Approach?

The development of software requires the implementation of a series of extensive processes. Numerous organizations are taking on Agile approaches to enhance team efficiency, further develop consumer loyalty and satisfaction, and increment project flexibility as well. Agile has turned into the versatile and adaptable framework for aiding software development organizations to keep an emphasis on conveying a quality software product rapidly and proficiently.

Organizations that have adopted Agile approaches can react to the dynamics of the latest software market and complete a greater amount of their tasks effectively. The agile method amplifies value all through the process of development and essentially diminishes the general risk factor of any requirement or task.

The agile approach beats the danger of investing a ton of energy in case there are any progressions required. It permits the team to work in coordination with clients, rather than working with different teams. This furnishes an unmistakable productive outcome with an engaged objective and in a steady manner.

Steps in an Agile Development Methodology:

The development of a software project following an agile approach includes a series of processes. Agile development has four high-level development stages. The first one is developing a methodology for a software project, followed by the architecture of the project which gives a quick insight into the software application. After the approval of the project architecture from the client and incorporating the updates (if informed by the client), the project proceeds to the implementation phase, and finally comes the automation and infrastructure stage to deliver a productive software product that fulfills the user’s expectations to a major extent.

1. Methodology:

The beginning stage of the agile development approach is the initial methodology. Agile is an iterative way to deal with project development and management that assists software teams with conveying value products to their clients quicker.

  • Convene Requirements:
    Convening all the requirements of a project has never been an easy task. It is the key foundation to begin any project. The requirements are gathered by implying multiple techniques like in the form of a requirements document followed by interviews and cross discussion with the client to get an insight into the client’s perspective. This is quite important because agile team break the project into phases and implement accordingly.

  • Analyze Feasibility:
    • Many times, the client wants his product exactly as per his imaginations and desires to implement all that is in his mind but technically, many functionalities are contradicting the functional structural flow of the software. That’s why feasibility analysis is the most important phase to clarify what can be delivered within the technical horizons of a project.

    • Plan the Sprints:
      • After having a thorough analysis of the feasibility of the requirements, the project team usually plans the vision and development scope of the project. Tasks are prioritized and broken down into chunks of valuable modules. Then sprints are created that define tentative task completion and flexible dates for release. The sprints are tentative timelines of the tasks because they are meant to adapt the continuous changes to planning as per the dynamic business needs.

      2. Architecture:

      The architecture of a project is defined by a series of collaborations that coordinate the evolutionary and active architectural design of the software system. It counts the group of practices and values that usually embraces the DevOps strategy. It helps the architecture of software to be dynamic enough to adopt continuous changes over time while supporting the project’s existing needs in parallel.

      • Wireframing:
        Wireframing of an agile project is the blueprint of the screens of software that gives the visualization of the software’s basic skeleton. With the help of wireframes, agile teams provide the user with a page schematic. It serves the purpose of setting the software elements to the best possible way to achieve a particular objective function on the software screens.
      • UI/UX Design:
        After the approval of the basic structure of the software screens, now, is the time to provide the client with the visualization of how each function will appear on the screen. The icons, colors, background, images sliders, side-menu, pop-up dialogues, error messages, and fonts are to be utilized for the software development. This requires the experience and creativity of the UI/UX design who creates the imaginations of the client into the potential form of life as a product.

      3. Implement Technology:

      Agile development methodology follows a method that helps the software development teams to deliver a functional product with the completion of every sprint. This is the phase where the expectations are converted into the real-time working software product. Initially, in this phase, the software project is divided into possibly smaller chunks of functionalities, called modules. These are aimed to ease the development process. When these modules are created, they are integrated into required valuable modules along with all fixes explored while conducting unit testing of each unit module and integration.

      • Development of modules:
        Software development is divided into chunks of various functions and program routines for efficient development. In the agile implementation methodology, the software project is divided into multiple components. Autonomously created modules make up a program collectively. It makes a developer’s work simple by permitting the software engineer to focus on just a single space of the functionality of the software application.
      • Integration of modules:
        The independently created modules are integrated after conducting their unit testing to give them a valuable form of the required software product. Integration of modules in agile development methodology provides a mechanism for integrated product development by invoking the functional performance in the logical operational management. This process also includes bug fixing that the programmer comes across while coding integration.

      4. Automation & Infrastructure:

      Automation and infrastructure are the final stages of the agile software development methodology but it is not the phase where an agile product comes to an end. It may continue in the iteration for usual products. For the new version of the same project, the complete cycle of the agile development is repeated step-step.

      • Automated Agile Testing (Test-Driven Development):
        In Agile development, test-driven development methodology is usually practiced by the Quality Assurance (QA) Engineers so that the development of the project is accordingly aligned with requirements that are provided or approved by the client. The agile development methodology follows the strategy of Continuous Testing that assures the newly pushed code of a software module is error-free and ensures fix if found any bug is found. After this, the code is deployed in the production environment. Agile QA engineers create automated test cases that run whenever developers push code to the code repository. In this phase, all requirements and approved UI designs are repeatedly tracked by the testers as it is the last stage, after which the software project will be deployed on the production environment.
      • Deployment:
        The deployment of agile software is the collection of iterated activities that enables the tester to test the software just as usual users but for limited users initially. This is achieved by pushing the deployment on the User Acceptability Testing (UAT) environment. The fixes and updates that are explored during this phase will be updated as per user and client’s expectations. Then the software product is pushed to the live environment where the general users can access and use it as per needs.
      • Maintenance & Support:
        The software development team following Agile methodology adopts the incremental model for fixing the bugs in the software product support and tries to discover and deliver optimal solutions that meet the client’s expectations at best. The proactive development of the requirements that are either or least priority or provided by the client after deployment or in addition to initially accepted requirements. The support and maintenance define how any agile team is aligned with any software project or responds to its clients.

      Closing Remarks:

      At CodeLabs, we identify the cognitive challenges that our development team comes across while implementing requirements or managing project deliverables with the client. Keeping the team and maintaining proper coordination with the client is the key to success in an agile project.

       

      Asiya Mazhar

      Author

      Asiya is an experienced & proficient software engineer. Being Project Coordinator at CodeLabs, she is responsible for managerial tasks dealings and coordinating for software projects.

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